ICON (DTN-Amazon project), 2012

ICON - Information and Context Oriented Networking



Nelson Morais, Bruno Batista and Paulo Mendes, ICON - Information-centric Opportunistic Networking, SITI-SW-12-06, 201.


ICON is an implementation of an information and Context Oriented Networking framework. ICON is being developed primaly for opportunistic networks (e.g. Delay Tolerant Networks), but can be used in more stable mobile networks and even in the Internet.


The basic data centric communication functionality is based on prior work from CCN/NDN - forwarding and interest structures, and HAGGLE - flexiblility required to operate in opportunistic networks.


The ICON architecture includes three main entities:

  • a data engine, which takes care of adequately storing/wrapping previously collected data for treatment by the other ICON entities (e.g. what data to store and for how long). Thais entity is based on the CCN concepts for PIT, FIB, and Content Stores.
  • a networking engine, which manages all of the networking interfaces and protocols .
  • decision engine has a set of advanced functionality such as a declarative rule management, behaviour infer both towards the application layer and the networking layers, social awareness, context collector and synchronized in-network caching.


ICON main features are:

  • An open-source, modular platform for information-centric technology, which can easily be extended by adding new modules (e.g. a routing module).
  • An xml-based interface to obtain collected data.
  • Capability to interoperate with any information-centric routing protocol





ICON has been developed to be agnostic to the Operating System, and is currently developed for Android.

The prototype is expected to be ready in September 2012 to: Windows, Lunux, MACOs, as well as on embedded platforms, based on .NET.



The Team

ICON is a tool developed in the context of the DTN-Amazon project, by SITILabs, Universidade Lusófona.


The core team of ICON is:

Paulo Mendes, conceptual supervisor and DTN-Amazon scientific coordinator (SITILabs Scientific Director for Innovation)

Bruno Batista, daily supervisor (SITILabs researcher and PhD student at MAP-i Doctoral Programme).

Nelson Morais, MSc student at Universidade Lusófona/SITILabs and  responsible for the implementation of ICON.





The slides and poster presented at the CCNxCon 2012 workshop, hold at Sophia Antipolis in September 2012, are now available.


The video of the demonstration provided at CCNxCon 2012 is available on YouTube.




Questions and additional information: please e-mail SITILabs



Copyright @2012 SITI/COPELABS, Universidade Lusófona. All Rights Reserved



07.2022. Fachada, N., e Silva, R.C., de Andrade, D. & Códices, N. (2022). Unity Snappable Meshes. Software Impacts, 13, 100363.

06.2022. Petukhova, A. & Fachada, N. (2022). TextCL: a Python package for NLP preprocessing tasks. SoftwareX, 19. 101122.

06.2022. A. Sharma, V. Sharma, M. Jaiswal, Hwang-Cheng Wang, Dushantha Nalin Jayakody*, C. Basnayaka, A. Muthanna. (2022). "Recent Trends in AI-based Intelligent Sensing", Electronics 2022, 11, 1661.

05.2022. M. F. Ali, Dushantha Nalin K. Jayakody, S. Garg, G. Kaddoum, and M. Shamim Hossain. (2022). "Dual-Hop Mixed FSO-VLC Underwater WirelessCommunication Link, IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, June 2022,

05.2022  Petukhova, A. & Fachada, N. (2022). Retail System Scenario Modeling Using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps. Information, 13(5), 251.

05.2022. Magaia, N., Ferreira, P., Pereira, P. R., Muhammad, K., Del Ser, J., & de Albuquerque, V. H. C. (2022). Group'n Route: An Edge Learning-based Clustering and Efficient Routing Scheme Leveraging Social Strength for the Internet of Vehicles. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems.

04.2022. Fachada, N. (2022). A computational pipeline for modeling and predicting wildfire behavior. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Complexity, Future Information Systems and Risk, COMPLEXIS 2022 (pp. 79-84), Virtual Event. SciTePress/INSTICC. DOI:

04.2022. Hu, Q., Gois, F. N. B., Costa, R., Zhang, L., Yin, L., Magaia, N., & de Albuquerque, V. H. C. (2022). Explainable artificial intelligence-based edge fuzzy images for COVID-19 detection and identification. Applied Soft Computing, 108966.

04.2022. Cipriano, B.P., Fachada, N. & Alves, P. (2022). Drop Project: An automatic assessment tool for programming assignments. SoftwareX, 18. 101079.

04.2022. e Silva, R. C., Fachada, N., de Andrade, D., & Códices, N. (2022). Procedural Generation of 3D Maps with Snappable Meshes. IEEE Access, 10.

02.2022. Fachada, V., Rahkila, P., Fachada, N., Turpeinen, T., Kujala, U. & Kainulainen, H. (2022). Enlarged PLIN5-uncoated lipid droplets in inner regions of skeletal muscle type II fibers associate with type 2 diabetes. Acta Histochemica, 124(3), 100014.

01.2022. Accepted paper, S. Tomić, M. Beko (2022). Detecting Distance-spoofing Attacks in Arbitrarily-deployed Wireless Networks, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, DOI: 10.1109/TVT.2022.3148199

01.2022. Fernandes, P.A., Inácio, P.A., Feliciano, H. & Fachada, N. (2022). SimpAI: Evolutionary Heuristics for the ColorShapeLinks Board Game Competition. Videogame Sciences and Arts, VJ 2020, Revised Selected Papers. CCIS, vol 1531 (pp. 113-126). Springer Nature.

01.2022. Valderi R.Q. Leithardt, et al., 2022. "An Empirical Comparison of Portuguese and Multilingual BERT Models for Auto-Classification of NCM Codes in International Trade" Big Data and Cognitive Computing 6, no. 1: 8. - Quartil SJR: Q1

01.2022. Valderi R.Q. Leithardt, et al., 2022. "Towards ubiquitous requirements engineering through recommendations based on context histories." PeerJ Computer Science 8:e794 Quartil SJR: Q2

12.2021. Valderi R.Q. Leithardt, et al., 2021. "Application of Machine Learning Techniques to Predict a Patient’s No-Show in the Healthcare Sector" Future Internet 14, no. 1: 3. Quartil SJR: Q2

12.2021. Accepted paper, M. Beko, S. Tomić, Toward Secure Localization in Randomly Deployed Wireless Networks, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, DOI: 10.1109/JIOT.2021.3078216

11.2021. de Andrade, D. & Fachada, N. (2021). PyXYZ: an educational 3D wireframe engine in Python. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education, ITiCSE '21 (pp. 519-525), Virtual Event, Germany.

11.2021. Daniel Silvestre (2021). Constrained Convex Generators: A Tool Suitable for Set-Based Estimation With Range and Bearing Measurements . In:
IEEE Control Systems Letters 6, pp. 1610 1615. doi: 10.1109/LCSYS.2021.3129729

11.2021. Accepted paper, G. Asaamoning, P Mendes, and N. Magaia. .A Dynamic Clustering Mechanism with Load-Balancing for Flying Ad Hoc Networks, IEEE Access, DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3130417

09.2021. Accepted paper, F Neves, AC Finamore, SC Madeira, R Henriques. (2021).Mining Actionable Patterns of Road Mobility From Heterogeneous Traffic Data Using Biclustering, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems,

07.2021. Accepted paper: S. Tomic, M. Beko, “A New Perspective on Range and Directional Localization Problem’’, to appear in IEEE Open Journal of Vehicular Technology,

06.2021. Fachada, N. (2021). ColorShapeLinks: A Board Game AI Competition Framework for Educators and Students. Computers & Education: Artificial Intelligence, 2. 100014.

06.2021. Accepted paper: Rodrigo Cortesão, Daniel Fernandes, Gabriela Soares, Diogo Clemente, Pedro Sebastião and Lúcio S. Ferreira, "Cloud-based Implementation of a SON Radio Resources Planning System for Mobile Networks and Integration in SaaS Metric", to appear in IEEE Access 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3087398

05.2021. Tiago Simas and Rion Brattig Correia and Luis M. Rocha, "The distance backbone of complex networks", Journal of Complex Networks, Oxford University Press,

03.2021. Accepted paper:  FG Encinas, LA Silva, AS Mendes, GV González, VRQ Leithardt, ..., "Singular Spectrum Analysis for Source Separation in Drone-Based Audio Recording" In IEEE Access. 

02.2021. Accepted Paper, M. S. Stankovic, M. Beko, S. S. Stankovic, “Distributed Value Function Approximation for Collaborative Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning’’, in IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems,

11.2020. Accepted Paper, B. Lima, D. Costa, "Adaptive Power Factor Allocation for Cooperative Full-Duplex NOMA Systems With Imperfect SIC and Rate Fairness", in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular technology,

11.2020. Accepted Paper, IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society, M. Barahman, L. Correia, L. S. Ferreira, "A QoS-Demand-Aware Computing Resource Management Scheme in Cloud-RAN", in IEEE OJ-COMS.

10.2020. Accepted Paper, IEEE Access, Daniel Silva, Rute Sofia. "A Discussion on Context-awareness to Better Support the IoT Cloud/Edge Continuum", in IEEE Access. DOI 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3032388.

09.2020. Accepted paper, Electronics, Sales Mendes, André, Diego M. Jiménez-Bravo, María Navarro-Cáceres, Valderi Reis Quietinho Leithardt, and Gabriel Villarrubia González. "Multi-Agent Approach Using LoRaWAN Devices: An Airport Case Study." Electronics 9, no. 9 (2020): 1430.

08.2020. Accepted paper, IEEE Access, J. C. S. Anjos and Valderi Leithardt et al., "Data Processing Model to Perform Big Data Analytics in Hybrid Infrastructures," in IEEE Access, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3023344.

07.2020. Accepted Paper, IEEE Access, Fernandes,D., Raimundo,A., Cercas,F., Sebastiao,P., Rinis,R., Ferreira,L.S.. "Comparison of Artificial Intelligence and Semi-Empirical Methodologies for Estimation of Coverage in Mobile Networks", in IEEE Access, Vol. 8, July 2020, pp 139803-139812, 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3013036

04.2020. Accepted Paper, IEEE Access , Fernandes,D., Clemente,D., Soares,G., Sebastiao,P., Cercas,F., Dinis,R, Ferreira,L.S., “Cloud-Based Implementation of an Automatic Coverage Estimation Methodology for Self-Organising Network”, in IEEE Access, Vol 8, Apr. 2020, pp 66456-66474, 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2986437

01.2020. The most recently hired researcher Nuno Ricardo Garcia had a paper accepted in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (TPAMI). TPAMI is the journal with the highest impact factor in the area of computer science (IF=17.73 for 2018). Congratulations.

11.2019. Accepted Paper, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology,
S. Tomic, M. Beko, “A Geometric Approach for Distributed Multi-hop Target Localization in Cooperative Networks’’, to appear in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology.

07.2019: Accepted Paper, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,
K Turbic, L. Correia, M. Beko. A Channel Model for Polarised Off-Body Communications with Dynamic Users’’, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 11, pp. 7001-7013, November 2019.

06.2019: Accepted Paper, IEEE Access
D. Pedro, S. Tomic, L. Bernardo, M. Beko, P. Pinto, “Algorithms for Estimating the Location of Remote Nodes using Smartphones’’, IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 33713-33727, December 2019.

05.2019: Accepted Paper, MDPI Future Internet, Special Issue on Information-centric Networking

R. C. Sofia, Guidelines Towards Information-driven Mobility Management, Future Internet 2019, 11(5), 111;

04.2019: Accepted Paper, MDPI Future Internet, Special Issue on Information-centric Networking

R. C. Sofia, P. Mendes, An Overview on Push-Based Communication Models for Information-centric Networking. MDPI Future Internet, 2019, 11(3), 74;

03.2019: Accepted Paper, European Control Conference 2019

Henry, D.; Cieslak, J.; Colmenarejo, P.; Branco, J.; Santos, N.; Serra, P.; Telaard, J.; Strauch, H.; Giordano, A. M.; De Stefano, M.; Ott, C.; Reiner, M.; Jaworski, J.; Papadopoulos, E.; Visentin, G.; Ankersen, F.; Fernandez, J.G.Model-based fault diagnosis and tolerant control: the ESA’s e.Deorbit mission

03.2019: Accepted paper, MDPI Future Internet 2019, Special issue on ICN

Sofia, Rute C.; Mendes, Paulo. An Overview on Push-based Communication Models for Information-Centric Networking

02.2019: New IRTF ICNRG draft

Mendes, Paulo; Sofia, Rute C.; Tsaoussidis, Vassilis; Diamantopoulos, Sotiris; Borrego, Carlos; Borrel, Joan; Sarros, Christos-Alessandros. nformation-centric Routing for Opportunistic Wireless Networks.

01.2019: Accepted paper, Sensors 2019, Special Issue on Wireless Location Tracking

Stankovic, S. S.; Stankovic, Milos; Johansson, Karl H.; Beko, Marko. On Consensus-based Distribution Blind Calibration of Sensor Networks

11.2018: Rute C. Sofia becomes Associate Editor of IEEE Access

11.2018: Accepted paper MDPI Sensors 2018, Special Issue on Wireless Location Tracking

Correia, Sergio; Beko, Marko; Cruz, Luis A. da Silva; Tomic, Slavisa. Elephant Herding Optimization for Energy-Based Localization

11.2018: Accepted paper Sensors 2018, Special Issue on Wireless Location Tracking

Tomic, Slavisa; Beko, Marko. Target Localization via Integrated and Segregated Ranging Based on RSS and TOA Measurements

11.2018: Results of the CEEC/COPELABS/JUNIOR2018: Prof. Dr. Pedro Sá Costa admitted.

10.2018: Rute C. Sofia becomes an IEEE Senior member

10.2018: Invited Talk: Cooperative wireless networking: Research challenges, P. Mendes, @LakesideLabs, University of Klagenfurt, Austria

09.2018: Accepted paper, ACM ICN 2018

P. Mendes, R. Sofia, V. Tsaoussidis, S. Diamantopoulos, J. Soares,Information-centric routing for opportunistic wireless networks. InProc. ACM ICN 2018, Sep. 2018.

09:2018: Accepted paper, IEEE WiMob

09.2018:C-BRAINs 2018/2019

C-BRAINS for 2018/2019 are out!

07.2018: Ciencia 2018

People-to-people Communication in Emergency Scenarios, P. Mendes, R. Sofia, M. Tavares, O. Aponte

06.2018: UMOBILE project

POC2 - information-centric communication in opportunistic scenarios, P. Mendes, M. Tavares, O. Aponte, R. Sofia, J. Soares


UMOBILE Demo in Italy, Umbria

04.2018 Accepted Book Chapter

 Rute C. Sofia, Liliana I. Carvalho., Francisco de Melo Pereira, Samrat Dattagupta.The Role of Smart Data in Inference of Human Behavior and Interaction. Book chapter. "Smart Data: State-of-the-Art and Perspectives in Computing and Applications".

03.2018 IRTF draft DABBER

Information-centric Routing for Opportunistic Wireless Networks





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