Team Meetings

CBRAIN#86: The stigma of tuberculosis: Perception of emotions in facial expression by patients in treatment (T.Nascimento & M.Bianchi)

Event

Title:
CBRAIN#86: The stigma of tuberculosis: Perception of emotions in facial expression by patients in treatment (T.Nascimento & M.Bianchi)
When:
Tue, 3. November 2015
Where:
,
Category:
C-BRAIN Meetings
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1851

Description

 

Speakers: Teresa Nascimento (ISCTE/COPELABS) & Mauro Bianchi (COPELABS/ULHT)

 

Title: The stigma of tuberculosis: Perception of emotions in facial expression by patients in treatment (Estigma da Tuberculose: Perceção de emoções na expressão facial dos outros pelos doentes em tratamento)

 

AbstractDespite there having been an effective treatment for over 50 years, TB remains a serious public health problem. The stigma associated with this disease is seen as a major barrier to disease control, and a cause of social distress. To better understand the processes underlying the stigma of TB and its impact on the daily lives of patients, particularly in the perception of emotions, this study was conducted. Do patients with tuberculosis identify more faces expressing disgust than those who are not sick? Do sick people with a high stigma consciousness identify more faces expressing disgust than the control group? To test these hypotheses, two groups of participants (TB patients and the control group) completed a questionnaire with 23 photographs of faces (neutral, ambiguous involving disgust, ambiguous involving contempt, and unambiguous faces) in which they identified the type of emotion and its intensity. The test also measured Stigma Consciousness, Interpersonal Rejection Related to Stigma, and Rejection Sensitivity, as well as demographic issues and disease duration. The results show that patients with high awareness of the stigma feel a high interpersonal rejection related to the stigma; that there is a difference in behavior of the two groups and the effects occur at the level of negative emotions, with the control group identifying more disgust, but the group of patients identifying more fear and anger. The discussion is based on the theory of stigma and emotion perception.

 

Bios

Teresa Nascimento is a Radiology Technician at Centro de Diagnóstico Pneumológico, in Santarém, since 2004. She defended her Bachelor’s thesis on Radiology in 2002 untitled “The occurrence of Breast cancer in Santo Tirso and Trofa’s districts” (“A incidência de cancro de mama nos concelhos de Santo Tirso e Trofa”) at Escola Superior de Tecnologias da Saúde do Porto and in the current year after her internship at COPELABS she received her MSc in Psychology of Intercultural Relations from ISCTE-IUL

 

Mauro Bianchi is a senior researcher at COPELABS, CTIP, and Associate Professor of ULHT. He received his PhD from the International Graduate College “Conflict and Cooperation between Social Groups” at Friederich-Schiller-Universität in Jena (Germany).  His research focuses on intergroup relations and stereotyping. Currently he is interested in the automatic activation of social knowledge and its consequences for intergroup behavior (e.g., approach/avoidance motor responses towards members of social groups).

 

 

 


Venue

Location:
Room U.10

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C-BRAIN MeetingsIn 2015/2016, the C-BRAIN (COPELABS BRAINstorming) meetings occur monthly, Tuesdays, 14h00-15h30, COPELABS, room U.0.10, ground floor of Building U, University Lusofona. C-BRAINs are motivated by the interdisciplinary nature of COPELABS, and are intended to assist in creating sinergies and giving rise to new ideas, in contexts where Informatics meets Psychology.

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